Effective Home Water Purification Methods
A water purifier should be customary in every home. One cannot emphasize enough how vital this item is considering all the health hazards associated with drinking contaminated water. According to World Health Organization, impure water contains bacteria and pathogens that kill millions of people every year. No one can put a price on pure and safe water. Therefore, everyone has a responsibility to have clean and safe water by all means necessary. After all, just like air, pure water is essential for survival.
Contaminated water harbors all kinds of impurities, which is unsuitable for human consumption. It poses a grave danger to people's health due to artificial pollutants, deadly viruses, and microbes that lie in wait for their next victim. Yet, if you use proper purification techniques of water purification, it would help reduce the negative impacts of contaminated water. Various purification methods exist in the market, but not all are effective. Here are some of the best ways to purify water.
Boiling water is a cheaper alternative for water purification. But, it is not the most effective since it does not remove chemical impurities. Distillation, which is among the oldest water purification methods, is preferred instead. The technique purifies water with quality issues and relies on evaporation to remove impurities and microbes. Here, water heating commences, producing steam. Extreme heating kills all the microorganisms and leaves behind impurities that do not evaporate. Eventually, the steam cools and condenses, producing water that meets specific hygienic standard demands.
Chlorination is a simple, economical, and effective water treatment method that you can use for home water purification. If the water contains many impurities, it will require a considerable amount of chlorine for disinfection. Once in the water, chlorine forms two compounds; hypochlorite ions and hypochlorous acid. These compounds are vital for disinfecting water. These compounds weaken and destroy the pathogen's cell membrane, thus inactivating it. Chlorine disrupts and destroys the pathogens' main activities like DNA activities and cell respiration, rendering it inactive at all levels, and voila! The water is fit for human consumption.
The chlorination method provides a residual that discourages the regeneration of harmful microorganisms when used to disinfect water in the distribution systems or water tanks. Therefore, it is a better water purification method than ultraviolet radiation and ozonation.
Filtration is a highly versatile water purification method that has become a household name among many individuals. Home water purification systems that use filtration are either portable or integrated with refrigerators and household sinks by facilitating waterline connection. This method filters out and lessens the concentration of unwanted contaminants like organic and inorganic materials, and chemical compounds, providing safe drinking water. The filters' pores sizes determine what to filter and what not to filter. A filter with tiny pores can prevent heavy metals from passing and fail to filter microorganisms. This filtration method uses highly porous materials such as activated charcoal and carbon, which gather water impurities to their surfaces. This method allows the purified water to flow to the basin, providing safe water for use.